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DESCRIPTION OF TOLL FACILITIES

Description of Toll Facilities 

That which is being tolled.

 

Toll Facility Type Description Examples

Highway

Also described as a toll motorway, toll expressway, or toll freeway. A limited-access facility where tolls are collected.

Many examples listed on TollMiner, such as Pennsylvania Turnpike, Austria A2 Motorway,

Bridge

A bridge is vehicular roadway infrastructure which provides passage over a geographic barrier in exchange for a toll charged for each vehicle using the bridge.

Golden Gate Bridge, George Washington Bridge.

Tunnel

For purposes of this glossary, a tunnel with a toll charged for each use. Examples are the tunnels under the rivers into Manhattan. Other tunnels such as those on the Pennsylvania Turnpike are not tolled separately but as part of the overall turnpike toll, and so are not listed as separate toll facilities.

Lincoln Tunnel, BrooklynBattery Tunnel, WSDOT SR 99 Tunnel (Seattle)

Bridge/Tunnel

A toll facility with both major bridges and tunnels in one facility.

The Chesapeake Bay BridgeTunnel.

Managed Lane(s)

Designated expressway lanes operating in parallel with other general- purpose travel lanes on a given route. Traffic in the managed lanes is controlled by access rights, occupancy, and/or variable price. Priced managed lanes may include highoccupancy discounts or exemptions.

 

Express Toll Lanes (ETLs) are managed lanes with no provisions for HOV discounts or exemptions.

MDTA I-95

Managed Lane(s)

Designated expressway lanes operating in parallel with other general- purpose travel lanes on a given route. Traffic in the managed lanes is controlled by access rights, occupancy, and/or variable price. Priced managed lanes may include highoccupancy discounts or exemptions.

 

High-Occupancy Toll (HOT) Lanes are managed lanes with provisions for HOV discounts or exemptions.

SRTA (GA) Managed Lanes, I95/I-395/I-495 Express Lanes
Cordon Tolls

Cordon tolls are fees paid by motorists to drive into a designated area defined by a line that encloses to tolling area, often a city center. Cordon tolls are charged when a vehicle crosses the line of the designated tolling area. Some cordon tolls are only in effect during designated hours of the days or days of the week.

Singapore, , Oslo, pending in NY and in design in other areas such as Los Angeles.
Area Tolls

Area tolls are fees paid by motorists that are present within a designated area, often a city center. Area tolls are based on detection of vehicle presence within the designated charging zone and may be charged for vehicles that begin and end their trip within the charging zone.

London

Road User Charging (RUC) Program

(also referred to as MileageBased User Fees (MBUF) and Vehicle-Miles-Traveled (VMT) Fees

Pricing the use of roadways by distance travelled on any facility. This may be applied on specific roadways or on all roads in a jurisdiction. Governments are exploring the utility of this transportation revenue options as a replacement for motor fuel taxes as a sustainable revenue source. New Zealand, pilot in OR, UT, CA and other US