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Glossary of Terms

IBTTA’s transportation Glossary of Terms is an ever-changing list of terms used within the transportation and tolling industry. The Glossary was updated in August 2018.  If you have suggestions for future additions, please contact us.


  Glossary of Terms

The Council of Platinum Sponsors (CoPS) TollMiner & Glossary Working Group was created to improve definitions of toll facility concepts that are used in the IBTTA TollMiner Data Visualization tool. Since the TollMiner data and structure are closely linked to the IBTTA Glossary, a review and draft update of the glossary was performed during 2021.


Review the First Draft »

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Titlesort descending Description

Joint initiative of the European Commission (DG Enterprise and DG Information Society), the industry and other stakeholders that aims to accelerate the development, deployment and use of Intelligent Integrated Safety Systems, that use information and communication technologies in intelligent solutions, in order to increase road safety and reduce the number of accidents on European roads.


The E-ZPass Group is an association of 25 toll agencies in 15 states that operates the ... E-ZPass electronic toll collection program. E-ZPass  ... is the world leader in toll interoperability, with more than 24 million E-ZPass devices in circulation.


Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, and Amortization (EBITA) refers to a company's earnings before the deduction of interest, taxes and amortization expenses. It is a financial indicator used widely as a measure of efficiency and profitability.


European Commission


European Electronic Tolling Service - In 2004 the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union adopted a directive on the interoperability of electronic road toll systems, laying down the general conditions for  EETS to be used on the entire EU road network. The Commission adopted the EETS definition in October 2009.


Electronic Fee Collection

EFC Operator

Organization that is empowered by toll system agency to collect the toll and operate the Electronic Fee Collection (EFC) infrastructure.


European Geostationary Navigation Overlay System

Electronic Funds Transfer

Process by which payments associated with toll passage, parking fees, etc. are communicated from the Authority maintaining the Customer account to the Authority providing the service.


Emergency Medical Services


(Europay, MasterCard, Visa) is the global standard that is helping ensure smart cards, terminals and other systems can interoperate. The major card associations have set a January 2006 deadline for Europe-wide migration to EMV cards.


Electronic Payment Services. Any use of an On-Board Unit to pay for a service.


Electronic Payment Services National Interoperability Specification - Specification developed by OmniAir and patterned after the specifications used by banks and credit card companies to handle billions of card payments, EPSNIS is designed to be the basis for interoperable back office processing of toll payments.


Electronic Road Pricing - Electronic Road Pricing  is a system used for managing road congestion. Based on a pay-as-you-use principle, motorists are charged when they use priced roads during peak hours.  ERP rates vary for different roads and time periods depending on local traffic conditions. This encourages motorists to change their mode of transport, travel route or time of travel.


ERTICO - ITS Europe - ERTICO is a network of Intelligent Transport Systems and Services stakeholders in Europe connecting public authorities, industry players, infrastructure operators, users, national ITS associations and other organisations together.


Electronic Toll Collection. The collection of tolls based the automatic identification and classification of vehicles using electronic systems.


Electronic Toll Collection: The collection of tolls based on the automatic identification and classification of vehicles using electronic systems. Sample systems include RFID Transponders, and Automatic Vehicle Identification using Automatic License Plate Recognition (ALPR), and bar-coded labels.

ETC Lane

A toll lane that accepts ETC as toll payment from a driver, without having to stop.


Express Toll Lane: ETLs are dedicated Priced Managed Lanes within highway rights-of-way that motorists may use by paying a toll. Unlike High Occupancy Toll lanes, ETLs charge all vehicles—including HOVs—for passage.


European Telecommunication Standardization Institute


Electronic Traffic and Toll Management


European Union

European EFC service

European Electronic Fee Collection Service. Complementary service to the national electronic toll services of the Member States, that shall ensure the interoperability, for users, of the electronic toll systems that have already been deployed in the Member States and of those to be deployed in the future in respect of the EC Directive throughout the territory of the Member States of the European Union.


In Europe a sticker proving that a distance related toll has been paid by the user. An EC Directive is in the process of being approved introducing the Eurovignette in Member States for HGV


Electronic Vehicle Registration - Electronic vehicle registration (EVR) uses radio frequency identification technology (RFID) to electronically identify vehicles and validate the identity, status, and authenticity of vehicle data. A unique electronic identification code is established for each vehicle via a tamper-resistant windshield sticker tag, and each unique code is linked to a record in the centralized owner/vehicle-based database.  EVR can be used to automate vehicle registration, reduce car theft and other fraudulent activities and increase tax and toll revenues.

Expected TCS Revenue

Expected TCS Revenue at manual lanes and mainline Automated Vehicle Identification (AVI) lanes is calculated by multiplying the number of transactions in each  Automatic Vehicle Classification (AVC) class by the toll due for that AVC class at that location.  Expected TCS Revenue at ramp locations is calculated by multiplying the flat toll due for the ramp by the number of transactions regardless of AVC class.

Express Lane

A popular naming convention used to depict and differentiate it from other types of Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) lanes, an Express Lane is an ETC lane where vehicles pass the collection point (Gantry, plaza, Road-Side Unit) at highway speeds without stopping. 


A High Capacity Road (HCR) free of toll.