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Managed Lanes

"Managed lanes" are highway facilities or lanes whose operation is modified in response to changing traffic conditions.  Managed lanes operate as a "freeway-within-a-freeway" and is separated from the general-purpose lanes.  Examples include high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, value priced lanes, high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes, or exclusive or special use lanes. Each of these concepts offers unique benefits; therefore, careful consideration is given to project goals and objectives in choosing an appropriate lane management strategy or combination of strategies. Project goals may include increasing transit use, providing choices to the traveler, or generating revenue.  http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/publications/managelanes_primer/